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  • DNA Shearing for Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) with the M220 Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    DNA Shearing for NGS with the ME220 Focused-ultrasonicator.
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  • Lysis and High Molecular Weight DNA Extraction from Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells Powered by AFA-energetics®

    Application Notes
    This application note describes an automatable approach to cell lysis and extraction of high molecular weight DNA from microbial samples, which can be sequenced with long-read sequencing technology.
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  • Lysis and Extraction of Biomolecules from Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells Powered by AFA-energetics®

    Application Notes
    Covaris developed a novel automatable approach for the extraction of biomolecules from microbial samples for analysis with mass spectrometry technologies using Adaptive Focused Acoustics® technology.
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  • Automated Sample Preparation Combining Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) and Single Pot Solid Phase Sample Preparation (SP3)

    Application Notes
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  • Active paraffin removal from FFPE tissues with Adaptive Focused Acoustics

    Application Notes
    Covaris developed a method of active paraffin removal from FFPE tissues using AFA technology. AFA treatment is applied to a FFPE sample and paraffin is separated from the tissue by emulsification.
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  • Automated Protein Extraction from Clinical Samples with the Covaris ML230 Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
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  • Hands-off Sample Preparation Workflow for Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) Samples using Adaptive Focused Acoustics (AFA)

    Application Notes
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  • Automated Clinical Rapid Whole Exome Sequencing with the Covaris R230 Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    Covaris Technical Note with Radboudumc
    DNA fragmentation is a critical step in the preparation of good quality libraries for next-generation sequencing (NGS). Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) technology remains the gold standard in reproducible and robust fragmentation, especially relevant while working with precious clinical samples.
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  • Active Extraction of Native Proteins from Yeast using Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®)

    Application Notes
    Native protein extraction reagents were tested for total protein yield and preservation of enzymatic activity using a “passive extraction” or an AFA-based “active extraction” method, both increased.
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  • AFA-sonication Followed by Modified Protein Aggregation Capture (APAC) Enables Direct, Reproducible and Non-toxic Sample Preparation of FFPE Tissue for Mass Spectrometry-based Proteomics

    Application Notes
    The preparation of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue for mass spectrometry-based (MS) proteomics relies on efficient removal of paraffin, which commonly involves toxic xylol as gold standard.
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  • Analysis of DNA fragments using the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer

    Application Notes
    DNA shearing protocols for Focused-ultrasonicators with the Agilent DNA 12000 kit was used to evaluate the average base pair size because of the large fragment size range, from 130 bp to 5 kb range.
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  • Covaris DNA shearing guide for the Agilent SureSelect Target Enrichment System©

    Application Notes
    DNA Shearing
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  • Optimizing Sample Fixation and Chromatin Shearing for Improved Sensitivity and Reproducibility of Chromatin Immunoprecipitation

    Application Notes
    Adaptive Focused Acoustic (AFA) technology provides precise control over mechanical shearing and thermal control during processing to deliver high quality chromatin for sensitive results.
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  • DNA Extraction from FFPE samples with Covaris Focused-ultrasonicators

    Application Notes
    When an Adaptive Focused Acoustics (AFA) treatment is applied to a FFPE sample to extract DNA, it simultaneously deparaffinizes the sample, emulsifies the paraffin, and rehydrates the tissue.
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  • Variability in DNA Fragment Size and Distribution Analysis Across Various Fragment Analyzers

    Application Notes
    DNA Fragmentation
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  • Robust Sample Preparation for Label-free or Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) LC-MS with Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®)

    Application Notes
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  • Impact of AFA-energetics™ on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Proteins

    Application Notes
    A novel fully automatable approach to improve trypsin digestion of protein samples is presented.
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  • Optimized Covaris truXTRAC® FFPE RNA Protocol for Isolating RNA from Laser-Capture Microdissected (LCM) FFPE Tissue for Next Generation Sequencing

    Application Notes
    Covaris truXTRAC FFPE RNA kits and Focused-ultrasonicators enables NGS-grade nucleic acids for RNA sequencing, a feat previously challenging when using low input FFPE tissue such LCM-FFPE samples.
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  • Clinical Tumor Tissue Evaluated with Illumina® TruSight™ Oncology 500 (NGS) Assay and Sheared on the Covaris ML230 Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    Abstract: DNA fragmentation is a critical step in the preparation of high-quality next generation sequencing (NGS) libraries. Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) technology guarantees highly reproducible fragmentation of nucleic acids, which is especially relevant while working with valuable clinical samples for pan-cancer NGS assays such as the Illumina®’s TruSight™ Oncology 500 (TSO 500) panel. This panel was developed jointly by Illumina® and Covaris to provide high quality sequencing results. The DNA fragmentation protocol was previously released for the Covaris E220evolution, LE220-plus, and ME220 Focused-ultrasonicators [1]. In this application note, we present the ML230 and microTUBE-50 protocol to shear DNA to a fragment distribution optimized for the TSO 500 panel.
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  • Amplicon Shearing Using a Covaris® Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    In this application note, we describe the use of Covaris AFA® technology for mechanical DNA shearing of amplicons ranging in size in preparation for massively parallel high-throughput sequencing.
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  • A Comparison of Active and Passive FFPE DNA Extraction Methods and Effects on Downstream Analysis Metrics

    Application Notes
    Active and Passive FFPE DNA Extraction
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  • Protein Extraction from Yeast: Comparison of the Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics®(AFA) Process to Conventional Bead Beating and Probe Sonication

    Application Notes
    The efficiency of several mechanical-based lysis and extraction techniques, such as Adaptive Focused Acoustics (AFA), probe sonication, and bead beating from yeast isolates was compared.
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  • A Streamlined Workflow to Perform ChIP from FFPE Samples

    Application Notes
    We demonstrate how AFA® technology combined with truXTRAC® and truChIP® effectively recovers chromatin suitable for studying histone modifications and transcription factor binding interaction events.
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  • A Robust and Standardized Workflow to Analyze C. albicans Differential Protein Expression using Tandem Mass Tag (TMT)

    Application Notes
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  • High-Throughput, Low Volume gDNA Extraction from Whole Blood Enabled by Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) and AFA-TUBE® TPX

    Application Notes
    Extraction of gDNA from whole blood is the first step in multiple translational research and molecular diagnostics applications, such as next-generation sequencing, multiplex PCR, qPCR, and ddPCR.
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  • Optimizing a Dual Fixation Protocol to Study Protein Complexes Binding to Chromatin in vivo

    Application Notes
    This application note provides shearing profiles, evaluates epitope integrity each shearing time and ChIP-qPCR results obtained using single step formaldehyde fixation and dual crosslinking protocol.
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  • truXTRAC® FFPE RNA Extraction and Purification - Quality Metrics for Clinical Applications Powered by Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®)

    Application Notes
    FFPE RNA Extraction
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  • Release of Microbial Cells from a Solid Matrix, Cell Lysis, and Shearing of Released Nucleic Acids Performed in a One-Step Procedure

    Application Notes
    Release of Microbial Cells
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  • Nuclei EXtraction by SONication - NEXSON

    Application Notes
    NEXSON
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  • Tumor Tissue Evaluation with the Illumina® TruSight™ Oncology 500 (NGS) Assay using the Covaris R230 Focused-ultrasonicator for Clinical Research Studies

    Application Notes
    Abstract: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) library preparation workflows comprise DNA fragmentation as an essential step. Covaris’ Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) Technology enables precise and high-quality data from NGS workflows by ensuring efficient, reliable, and reproducible nucleic acid fragmentation. Efficient DNA shearing is particularly important when working with precious clinical research samples for Comprehensive Cancer Profiling (CCP) using pan-cancer NGS assays such as Illumina’s TruSight Oncology 500 (TSO 500) panel. The DNA fragmentation protocol for the TSO 500 panel was initially released for the Covaris Focused-ultrasonicators ME220, E220evolution, LE220, and ML230 (1,2).In this application note, we present a DNA fragmentation protocol with the R230 Focused-ultrasonicator using 96 microTUBE plates to achieve the optimal fragment size for the TSO 500 panel. A comparative sequencing analysis between samples sheared with the Illumina-validated protocol on the LE220 focused-ultrasonicator and those sheared using the Covaris developed protocol on the R230 showed equivalent or better results for samples sheared on the R230, while decreasing the sample processing time by ~30%. The results in this application note highlight that the automatable R230 enables efficient, high-throughput workflows with Covaris AFA Technology resulting in the robust, reproducible, and confident fragmentation needed for comprehensive pan-cancer panels such as Illumina´s TruSight Oncology 500 assay.
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  • High Quality DNA and RNA Extraction and Purification from FFPE Samples with Covaris truXTRAC® FFPE tNA Ultra Kit – Magnetic Beads

    Application Notes
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  • Streamlined Ultra Low Sample Input and Processing Volume Chromatin Shearing Protocols for Fly Embryos and Mammalian Cell Lines

    Application Notes
    These protocols have been optimized for both mammalian cell lines and fly embryos and reliably fragment chromatin in low volumes from down to 10,000 mammalian cells and 5 stage-17 Drosophila embryos.
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  • Optimized Protocol for Robust Chromatin Shearing and Immunoprecipitation of Human Pancreatic Islets using the Covaris® Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    We demonstrate how the Covaris S220 Focused-ultrasonicator provides highly reproducible chromatin shearing, resulting in improved signal-to-noise ratios and sensitivity for ChIP-seq or ChIP-qPCR.
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  • Microbiome Sample Preparation: Efficient DNA Extraction and Optional Mechanical Shearing

    Application Notes
    DNA Extraction
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  • Combining Covaris 96 AFA-TUBE TPX Plate with Swift Biosciences Accel-NGS 2S Kit for an Optimized Single Tube Workflow for Robust, Low Input NGS Library Preparation

    Application Notes
    AFA-TUBE Case study
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  • Nucleic Acid Extraction from Laser-Capture Microdissected (LCM) FFPE Tissues

    Application Notes
    LCM
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  • Covaris truSHEAR Mechanical DNA Shearing for NGS Applications

    Application Notes
    Mechanical DNA Shearing
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  • AFA-energetics®-Mediated DNA Extraction from Yeast and Bacteria Using Scanning in a Labcyte 384-well Plate

    Application Notes
    This document describes the optimized AFA-energetics dose to lyse and extract DNA from S. cerevisiae, E. coli, & L. monocytogenes using a proprietary scanning method 384-well plates.
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  • Covaris cryoPREP® with AFA: Enabling High-resolution Diagnostic Metagenomics

    Application Notes
    cryoPREP Applications
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  • Pipetting Best Practices for Covaris 96 microTUBE Plate and 8 microTUBE Strip in Automated Liquid Handlers

    Application Notes
    Covaris labware has multi-well formats, like the 96 microTUBE Plate and 8 microTUBE Strip. The hardware and methods described here maximize the robustness of robot pipetting in Covaris consumables.
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  • Simplifying ChIP from Primary Cells and Clinical Samples for High-throughput Epigenetic Applications

    Application Notes
    Large-scale analysis of histone marks and transcription factor interactions uses high-quality chromatin, use of validated ChIP-grade antibodies, and optimized reagents to produce meaningful results.
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  • AFA-energetics®- Mediated RNA Extraction from Yeast

    Application Notes
    Mediated RNA Extraction from Yeast
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  • Shallow Whole Genome Sequencing Workflow – sWGS

    Application Notes
    sWGS
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  • Assessing FFPE DNA Quality: The “Illumina FFPE QC Kit” Enables Quantitation of Improvements in FFPE DNA Extraction Technologies

    Application Notes
    We used the Illumina FFPE QC kit (2) to assess the quality of DNA extracted from two different extraction technologies using four different types of FFPE samples.
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  • AFA-based Sputum Liquification to Enable Downstream Microbial Analysis

    Application Notes
    Sputim Liquification
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  • Chromatin Isolation by RNA Purification - ChIRP

    Application Notes
    ChIRP
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  • Preparation of whole body Caenorhabditis elegans extracts for chromatin immunoprecipitation using the Covaris® S220 Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    This application note provides a sample preparation protocol using the Covaris S220 that can be used by investigators looking to process whole body C. elegans extracts for ChIP-based applications.
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  • Magnetic Bead-based Clean-up Using AFA-energetics®

    Application Notes
    When precisely tuned, this stream of Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustic energy enables DNA shearing precisely and reliably to desired fragment sizes, in addition to gentle contact-free sample mixing.
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  • AFA-based MALDI Biotyper Sample Preparation for Mycobacteria Colonies

    Application Notes
    AFA-based MALDI
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  • HiC Chromatin Immunoprecipitation - Hi-ChIP

    Application Notes
    Hi-ChIP
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  • Cross-linked Yeast Chromatin shearing on the Covaris E210

    Application Notes
    Shearing cross-linked yeast samples on the Covaris E210.
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  • Cross-linked Yeast Chromatin Shearing on the Covaris Focused-ultrasonicator

    Application Notes
    The Broad Institute developed a cross-linked chromatin shearing protocol for yeast samples that utilizes the Covaris E210 Focused-ultrasonicator, to be used prior to immunoprecipitation.
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  • Evaluation of Next Generation Library Preparation using DNA Extracted from Dried Blood Spots using truXTRAC® DBS DNA kit

    Application Notes
    The truXTRAC DBS DNA kit efficiently extracts NGS-grade DNA. AFA enables rehydration and provides cell lysis and mechanical DNA shearing, resulting in NGS library preparation ready DNA.
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  • Automated NGS Library Construction with Eppendorf epMotion® 5075t/TMX and Covaris® Focused-ultrasonicators

    Application Notes
    This guide provides users with a complete set of protocols that encompass all Covaris AFA® instruments for DNA shearing to be readily compatible with the Agilent SureSelect Target Enrichment System.
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  • Automated NGS Library Preparation with Beckman Biomek FXP and Covaris E220

    Application Notes
    Key parameters for high quality library preparation are homogeneity of the library insert size and un-biased fragmentation profile, which is why Covaris AFA technology was chosen to fragment the DNA.
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  • Shearing DNA with Confidence: A Robust Method for Generating 3 kb DNA

    Application Notes
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  • Transitioning from custom amplicon-based parallel sequencing to hybrid capture-based sequencing in molecular pathology routine diagnostics

    Application Notes
    Molecular Pahology
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  • Affinity-based Enrichment Analyses of DNA Methylation MCIp, MeDIP, hMeDIP

    Application Notes
    MeDIP
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  • High-resolution Chromosome Conformation Capture: Hi-C

    Application Notes
    Hi-C
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  • truCOLLECT® - Blood Application Note

    Application Notes
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  • Single Cell/Nuclei Isolation from Fresh Frozen Tissue

    Application Notes
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  • Cytosine Conversion-based, Genome-wide and Targeted DNA Methylation Analysis

    Application Notes
    Targeted DNA Methylation Analysis
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  • An Effect of a Shearing Process on the Re-Sequencing of the Arabidopsis thaliana Genome

    Application Notes
    Shearing Process of Arabedopis
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  • AFA-based Efficient DNA Extraction and Optional Mechanical Shearing from Mycobacteria smegmatis

    Application Notes
    DNA Extraction from mycobacteria smegmatis.
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  • AFA-based MALDI Biotyper™ Sample Prep for MGIT™ Positive Mycobacteria Cultures

    Application Notes
    Positive Mycobacteria Cultures
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  • AFA-based RNA Extraction from Mycobacteria smegmatis

    Application Notes
    RNA Extraction
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  • Chromatin Interaction Analysis by Paired-End Tag Sequencing - ChIA-PET

    Application Notes
    ChIA-PET
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  • Chromosome Conformation Capture Using Biotinylated Oligos - Capture-C

    Application Notes
    Capture-C
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  • Formaldehyde-Assisted Isolation of Regulatory Elements - FAIRE

    Application Notes
    FAIRE
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  • Measuring Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Carryover In Protein Hydrolysates Prepared via Protein Aggregation Capture

    Application Notes
    The Covaris PAC workflow is a method for extracting and purifying nucleic acids and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) ready peptide digests from cultured cells and human tissue. The PAC process was originally designed to function as a protein isolation and purification technique that could be performed in a single vessel. The workflow utilizes paramagnetic beads to indiscriminately bind proteins and to enable the removal of harsh chemicals which are often essential for lysis and solubilization. PAC is highly compatible with a wide range of sample inputs as well as detergents, chaotropes, salts, and solvents [3]. Proteolytic cleavage is performed on-bead, and allows for highly efficient and unbiased sample recovery. The Covaris PAC workflow requires minimal liquid transfer; the workflow starting from cell culture and deparaffinized FFPE tissue can be performed in a single plate format and is fully automatable. The extraction process is facilitated through the use of lysis buffers which contain chaotropic agents or detergents like sodium dodecyl sulfate. While PAC is reputed to generate samples with a high degree of purity, carryover of SDS into the final peptide lysate remains a possible concern due to its suppressive effects on analyte ion signal and fouling of equipment during LC-MS [4]. A method was published describing the colorimetric quantitation of SDS in biological samples [5]. The reported approach relies on measuring the interaction of SDS with the extraction efficiency of methylene blue into chloroform. This application note describes the quantitation of SDS carryover in final tryptic digests of the Covaris PAC workflow to determine if they contain any significant degree of contaminating detergent.
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  • Mechanical Fragmentation of RNA using the Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) Technology for Development of mRNA-based Vaccine and Gene Therapy Platforms

    Application Notes
    Mechanical Fragmentation of RNA using the Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) Technology for Development of mRNA-based Vaccine and Gene Therapy Platforms
    Introduction The emergence of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies has greatly contributed to targeted gene discovery for the generation of new mRNA-based vaccines and therapeutics [1,2]. With the advancement in the world of NGS technologies, RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) has rapidly become the method of choice for analyzing the transcriptomes of disease states [3], of biological processes, and across a wide range of clinical study designs. Synthetic mRNA has been considered an emerging biotherapeutic agent for decades [4]. However, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic promoted the application of mRNA technologies in development of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, and there has been a huge increase in interest in the research and development of mRNA-based vaccines [5]. Despite the tremendous improvement in RNA-based NGS technologies, the mRNA-based sequencing methods still present some unique challenges in production, characterization, and quality controls, especially when compared to their traditional protein-based counterparts. One critical challenge is obtaining products that are of homogeneous sequence. In this regard, NGS has proved to be a key tool to probe and address this challenge. This study, conducted in collaboration with GreenLight Biosciences, presents a mechanical mRNA fragmentation methodology that uses Covaris’ Adaptive Focused Acoustics (AFA) Technology to generate the right-sized population pivotal for successful Illumina® library preparation and reproducible sequencing data.Download PDF
  • Effective disruption of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms using Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®)

    Application Notes
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  • High-Throughput, Low Volume gDNA Extraction from Whole Blood Enabled by Covaris Adaptive Focused Acoustics® (AFA®) and AFA-TUBE™ TPX

    Application Notes
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